Roof rats can range from black to brown and are smaller in size than Norway Rats, but have pointier noses. With their tails included, a roof rat can get up to 40 cm in length. These rodents also have big ears and eyes. Roof rats are great at climbing and have often been found nesting under buildings or in trash. However, most of these creatures live in higher areas such as roofs, trees and attics. Some people also refer to these type of rodents as fruit or citrus rats as they feed on both. Although these fruits are their preferred food, they will eat just about anything including meat, tree barks, and nuts. You may also notice food stored in or around their nests, as they are food hoarders. The reason it is important to take immediate action if you think you have an infestation is because they are extremely fast breeders. Female roof rats can produce six to eight babies in each of their four to six litters they have each year. They also carry many different types of diseases that can be transmitted to humans from a bite by the rat or a flea that was once attached to the rat. The disease Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome can also be transmitted to humans just from the smell of urine or by physical contact of their droppings or saliva.
Signs of Infestation:
A Roof Rat infestation can be extremely dangerous for your family members and pets, especially if it gets into a severe state. If you start seeing rodents around your home, this is the number one sign of an overcrowding problem. Roof rats don’t like to come out during daylight hours and do most of their feeding at night. They usually build their nests in areas of a home that is insulated, such as an attic. You may notice an increase of rat droppings as well. The difference with roof rat droppings compared to Norway rat droppings is the shape. Roof rat droppings have pointed ends, where as the Norway rats are more capsuled shaped. Last but not least, you will find grease marks in areas that these rodents travel and nest in. These marks are produced from their fur depositing it. You want to be sure that you cover up windows or vents that would allow rats to enter in. Long tree branches close to your window can also serve as a bridge for rats to get into your home.